The Vatican, IBM and Microsoft come together to defend the ethical use of Artificial Intelligence


The use of technologies such as artificial intelligence has opened a debate throughout the world that questions how it is being used and if it violates rights such as the privacy of human beings. Now the Vatican, together with two great technologists, has given its opinion in this regard.IBM and Microsoft, two of the technology giants that most invest right now in artificial intelligence, have joined the Vatican in a report (Rome calls for AI Ethics) calling for the ethical use of this technology. "Respect privacy, work reliably and without prejudice, consider human rights and operate transparently," says this new document.
Artificial intelligence is postulated as the next technological revolution, the advantages that this technology offers for both companies and governments and ultimately for citizens makes large companies such as IBM, Google, Amazon or Microsoft have opted for it to make Grow your business,
 However, its benefits do not nullify the fact that in bad hands it may pose a risk to freedoms.
Pope Francis himself considers that "this asymmetry, by which a few know everything about us while we know nothing about them, reduces critical thinking and the conscious exercise of freedom"; "inequalities expand enormously with serious risks to democratic societies. "The pontiff refers to the treatment of data that companies keep about their customers and so Google or Facebook receive important criticism. The development of smart algorithms and how they can inherit social prejudices are also worrisome, hurting customers because of their race or the neighbourhood in which they live.

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The city where the Sistine Chapel is guarded is not the only one concerned about the abuses that this technology can boost. The European Union has also shown its concern by presenting its own ethical principles for Artificial Intelligence systems.
On the other hand, within the companies criticisms also arise, Google and Microsoft employees have repeatedly pressed for their companies to abandon projects with dubious ethics and whose artificial intelligence systems nullified the rights and freedoms of citizens of different countries.

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Such was the pressure that Google received, that the internet giant established an expert council to review the ethics of the projects carried out by the company. A failed attempt that lasted just a week.
Most institutions that advocate more ethical use do not ask to abandon the development of this technology but to promote transparency. Experts such as the Alan Turing Institute in the United Kingdom have long defended the need for an impartial institution that oversees the artificial intelligence projects and algorithms created by companies without revealing the trade secrets they want to preserve, but thus verifying that there are no abuses by their part that can harm society and people's freedom.

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