The definitive guide to charging cable and plug types for electric cars

Electric car charging stations and costs: a complete guide | Carbuyer

Electric mobility is gaining followers with speed and more and more people are deciding to buy an electric vehicle. If you are thinking of getting one of these vehicles, there are different factors that you should take into account, starting with one of the ones that we are going to talk about in this report: the types of charging cables for electric cars that are currently used.

As is often the case with any new technology, manufacturers have not agreed to design their charging cables, hence so many different types of connectors have been born in so few years. It may happen in the future as mobile phone connectors and a standard one for most, but for now, it is necessary to understand the different models that exist.

Today, one of the main obstacles that Spaniards encounter when buying an electric car - beyond aid, legal issues, or autonomy - is the reduced recharging infrastructure. The universalization of load connectors is one of the priorities that companies must have in mind to move forward.

Guide to electric car charging - EV charging for beginners

1. Charging for SAE J1722 electric cars (Type 1)
The SAE J1722 connector is a standard charger in Japan for AC recharge and allows for both fast charging and slow charging. Although it is not one of the most popular systems among manufacturers that distribute their electric cars in Europe, we can find it in some models of companies such as Citroen, Mitsubishi, or Nissan.

It has been adopted by the Americans and accepted into the European Union. It has five terminals: two current, two complementary, and one ground.

2. Charging for Mennekes electric cars (Type 2)
The Mennekes connector (Type 2) is an electric car charging connector that was developed in Germany in 2013 and is the standard according to the European Union. For this reason, it is one of the most popular connectors among electric cars that are manufactured or marketed on our continent, including brands such as Volkswagen, BMW, or Audi, among many others.

In a single-phase, they generate up to 16 amps and three-phase up to 63 amps for a quick recharge.

It is a very versatile connector, as it allows slow loads at 230v from 6 to 32 amps or fast loads with altering and three-phase current up to 43 kW and 63 amps. It has seven terminals: four for three-phase current, two for communications, and one for grounding.

European Commission Backs Mennekes Type 2 Electric Car Plug | PluginCars.com

3. Charging for CHAdeMO electric cars
CHAdeMO is the acronym for "CHArge de MOve", which could be understood as "moving load", and is the most widely used electric car charging connector by manufacturers in Japan. It was developed by Nissan, Toyota, TEPCO, Subaru, and Mitshubishi. Tesla, for its part, sells an adapter to recharge cars at CHAdeMO stations for a couple of years.

It differs because it is the largest diameter of all connectors and is intended for fast dc recharge and therefore supplies up to 62.5 kW.

There are more than 10,000 chargers installed and in this case, we are talking about a connector that has ten terminals (these are the contacts that are used to connect and transmit power).

4. Combined Charging System (CCS)
The Combined Charging System (CCS) electric car charging connector was created in 2011 by the need to bring to market a new standard and is also known as Type 2.

This type of charger was created by Germans and Americans trying to create a standard in the industry. It is a combined connector that offers 50kw in DC (limited at the moment) and 43kW in alternating current. It has five terminals and supports both fast and slow charging technologies.

Combined Charging System - Wikipedia

5. Charging for Schuko electric cars
This type of charger is the lifelong plug that we have even in our homes. It is compatible with European power outlets and is only adaptable with slow recharges.

This Type 2 portable charger has V2CIEC 62196 connector; That is, it allows you to manually select the load intensity (from 6A to 16A). It is especially comfortable and is compatible with most adapters.

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