That's Apple M1, Apple's own new Mac processor that wants to revolutionize computing

Apple has just unveiled its new self-designed M1 CPU, which aims to bring the benefits we already know from iPhones and iPads to Mac computers. These are his powers.

Apple's new SoC for Mac with ARM architecture already has a name. It's called Apple M1 and, according to the company, it's the most powerful and least-consuming PC CPU in its class.

It is a processor developed with 5 nm technology and 16billion transistors, surpassing all records. But you have to be clear that it is a low-power processor for ultra-thin laptops and mini PCs, it is not designed to compete with the most powerful PC processors.

Its main feature is that it integrates into a single different hardware chip that was previously distributed by the board, such as CPU, memory, Thunderbolt controller, etc.

The CPU has 8 cores, four of them high performance for the most demanding tasks. As always, Apple barely gives figures, and we don't know its speeds. All we know is that these 4 cores have 12 MB of L2 cache combined, with 128 KB for data and 192 KB for instructions.

The other 4, slower nucleos offer 4 MB of combined L2 cache, with 64 KB for data and 128 KB for instructions.

Also, the SoC integrates an 8-core GPU (graphic chip), with an extraordinary 2.6 TFLOPS of graphics power. It has 128 execution units and can handle up to 24,576 threads per second. In the 3D graphics section, move 82 gigapixels per second.

The M1 also features a 16-core neural chip dedicated to artificial intelligence. It is capable of doing 11 billion operations per second and offers 15 times more performance in apps that use artificial intelligence, such as Final Cut Pro and Pixelmator Pro.

Consumption is only 10W. Apple ensures that the M1 delivers up to 2 times more performance than an equivalent PC, with three times the consumption. The best performance per watt on the market.

But as always these comparisons do not tell us too much, because comparing"with the fastest laptop CPU" without giving speeds or models, nor real data, does not do much good. Benchmarks will have to be waited to assess actual performance.

The new macOS Big Sur for ARM

To get the most out of the hardware, the new macOS Big Sur operating system for ARM adapts to the new architecture, offering 3 times more performance, with an almost instant start of the apps.

Complete actions (from opening an app to managing windows or saving a document) up to twice as fast as in the previous generation.

It is also, according to Apple, the most secure in the world, thanks to hardware encryption or signature system boot provided by the M1 processor itself.

The dreaded compatibility

The biggest problem with changing architecture is that all apps have to be rewritten to work with it. Apple has already adopted all of its official apps and expects other companies to do the same.

To facilitate the transition, you have created several tools for developers. Rosetta 2 in a tool that facilitates the automatic conversion of the Intel architect to ARM. It will also encourage the creation of universal apps that work on both systems. Users will only need to purchase one and will be able to install it on any Mac, regardless of whether it's M1 or Intel.

But more complex applications will have to be converted by hand one by one, and it won't be easy.

A change, a big advantage is that iPhone and iPad apps will work directly on Macs, without having to make any adjustments.

The new Apple M1 processor debuts on the new MacBook Pro, Mac Mini, and MacBook Air introduced today.

A new stage opens for Apple, but there's still the most important test of fire: seeing how professional users and developers receive these changes. From November 17th we will check it out.

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